Inches To Centimeters Conversion


1 in = 2.54 cm

Want to convert from centimeters to inches instead?

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The Ratio Between Inches and Centimeters

Visualising the relationship between inches and centimeters makes it easier to convert between the two. Inches are used to establish the baseline ruler and the centimeters ruler is sized in relation to that baseline.

conversion scale showing the ratio between inches and the equivalent number of centimeters

How to convert inches to centimeters (in to cm)

The formula for converting inches to centimeters is: cm = in × 2.54. To calculate the inch value in centimeters first substitute the inch value into the preceding formula, and then perform the calculation. If we wanted to calculate 1 inch in centimeters we follow these steps:

cm = in × 2.54

cm = 1 × 2.54

cm = 2.54

In other words, 1 inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters.

Example Conversion

Let's take a look at an example. The step-by-step process to convert 2 inches to centimeters is:

  1. Understand the conversion formula: cm = in × 2.54
  2. Substitute the required value. In this case we substitute 2 for in so the formula becomes: cm = 2 × 2.54
  3. Calculate the result using the provided values. In our example the result is: 2 × 2.54 = 5.08 cm

In summary, 2 inches is equal to 5.08 centimeters.

Converting centimeters to inches

In order to convert the other way around i.e. centimeters to inches, you would use the following formula: in = cm ÷ 2.54. To convert centimeters to inches first substitute the centimeter value into the above formula, and then execute the calculation. If we wanted to calculate 1 centimeter in inches we follow these steps:

in = cm ÷ 2.54

in = 1 ÷ 2.54

in = 0.393700787401574803149606299213

Or in other words, 1 centimeter is equal to 0.393700787401574803149606299213 inches.

Conversion Unit Definitions

What is a Inch?

The inch (symbol: in or ″) is a unit of length in the British imperial and the United States customary systems of measurement. It is equal to 1/36 yard or 1/12 of a foot. Derived from the Roman uncia ("twelfth"), the word inch is also sometimes used to translate similar units in other measurement systems, usually understood as deriving from the width of the human thumb.
Standards for the exact length of an inch have varied in the past, but since the adoption of the international yard during the 1950s and 1960s the inch has been based on the metric system and defined as exactly 25.4 mm.
The inch is a commonly used customary unit of length in the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. It is also used in Japan for electronic parts, especially display screens. In most of continental Europe, the inch is also used informally as a measure for display screens. For the United Kingdom, guidance on public sector use states that, since 1 October 1995, without time limit, the inch (along with the foot) is to be used as a primary unit for road signs and related measurements of distance (with the possible exception of clearance heights and widths) and may continue to be used as a secondary or supplementary indication following a metric measurement for other purposes.

Here are some additional details about the inch:

  1. Origin: The inch has its roots in the ancient Roman measurement system. The word "inch" is derived from the Latin word "uncia," which means one-twelfth part.

  2. Imperial and US Customary Systems: The inch is a fundamental unit in both the Imperial system and the United States Customary system. These systems of measurement are primarily used in the United States and other countries that have historical ties to the British Empire.

  3. Length Conversion: As mentioned earlier, one inch is equal to exactly 1/12th of a foot. In the metric system, it is approximately equal to 2.54 centimeters. Conversely, one foot is equal to 12 inches.

  4. Subdivisions: The inch can be further divided into smaller units to measure even finer lengths. Common subdivisions include:

    • Half-inch (1/2 inch): Equal to 0.5 inches or approximately 1.27 centimeters.
    • Quarter-inch (1/4 inch): Equal to 0.25 inches or approximately 0.635 centimeters.
    • Eighth-inch (1/8 inch): Equal to 0.125 inches or approximately 0.318 centimeters.
    • Sixteenth-inch (1/16 inch): Equal to 0.0625 inches or approximately 0.159 centimeters.
    • Thirty-second inch (1/32 inch): Equal to 0.03125 inches or approximately 0.079 centimeters.
  5. Common Uses: The inch is commonly used to measure various objects, particularly in fields like construction, engineering, manufacturing, and carpentry. It is often used to measure dimensions of building materials, tools, furniture, and other everyday items.

  6. Symbol: The symbol for inch is a double prime ("). For example, a measurement of 5 inches would be written as 5".

  7. International Usage: While the metric system (based on the meter) is widely adopted worldwide, the inch is still used in certain countries, such as the United States, Canada, and the United Kingdom. However, it is worth noting that many industries and scientific disciplines have transitioned to using metric measurements for international consistency.

What is a Centimeter?

The centimeter is a unit of length in the metric system, which is widely used around the world. It is defined as one-hundredth of a meter or 0.01 meters. The centimeter is primarily used to measure small distances, lengths, and dimensions.

Here are some more details about the centimeter:

  1. Metric System: The centimeter is a part of the metric system, which is based on powers of ten. The metric system provides a decimal-based system of measurement that offers ease of conversion and consistency across different scientific, industrial, and everyday applications.

  2. Length Conversion: One centimeter is equal to 0.01 meters or 10 millimeters. Conversely, one meter is equal to 100 centimeters.

  3. Common Uses: The centimeter is often used to measure objects or distances that are relatively small. It is commonly employed in fields such as science, engineering, medicine, manufacturing, and day-to-day activities. It can be used to measure the length of objects, dimensions of rooms, the size of electronic devices, or the height of individuals.

  4. Symbol: The symbol for centimeter is "cm". For example, a measurement of 5 centimeters would be written as 5 cm.

  5. Subdivisions: The centimeter can be divided into smaller units to measure finer lengths. The millimeter (mm) is the most common subdivision, where one centimeter is equal to 10 millimeters. In some scientific or specialized contexts, even smaller subdivisions such as the micrometer (µm) or nanometer (nm) may be used.

  6. International Usage: The centimeter is widely used internationally as a standard unit of measurement. It is embraced in most countries that have adopted the metric system. Its universal usage contributes to ease of communication, collaboration, and compatibility across various fields and regions.

  7. Advantages: The centimeter provides a convenient and versatile unit for measuring smaller lengths. Its decimal nature allows for easy conversion between different metric units and facilitates calculations involving measurements.

It's important to note that the metric system, including the centimeter, is the globally accepted standard for scientific, technical, and international purposes. However, in some countries that have not fully transitioned to the metric system, such as the United States, inches and feet may still be commonly used in everyday life.

Inches To Centimeters Conversion Table

Below is a lookup table showing common inches to centimeters conversion values.

Inch (")Centimeter (cm)
1 in2.54 cm
2 in5.08 cm
3 in7.62 cm
4 in10.16 cm
5 in12.7 cm
6 in15.24 cm
7 in17.78 cm
8 in20.32 cm
9 in22.86 cm
10 in25.4 cm
11 in27.94 cm
12 in30.48 cm
13 in33.02 cm

Other Common Inch Conversions

Below is a table of common conversions from inches to other length units.

1 inch in feet0.0833333333333333333333333333333 ft
1 inch in yards0.0277777777777777777777777777778 yd
1 inch in miles0.0000157828282828282828282828282828 mi
1 inch in millimeters25.4 mm
1 inch in meters0.0254 m
1 inch in kilometers0.0000253999862840074066360004165598 km